To offer a continuum of labs from academic blue-sky research to industry- mentored applied research and development, as well as hands-on educational programs, the Center offers a comprehensive Lab-to-Fab capability unlike any other academic environment. By implementing a tiered approach to its laboratory structure that includes Fundamental, Small Scale Integration, and Large Area Integration test bed and prototype laboratories, the Center is able to effectively carry out its basic research, education, and technology-transfer missions.